CHECK [yourself} LIST: _ Reading skills: Elementary School English Or English as a Second Language. _ 10 to 45 minutes of your time. _ Be sure to have an access to Internet _ YouTube for additional/more information.
WHAT is BLRA? It is South Carolina (SC) Law created in 2007-2008 as a Bill 431. Written is in a specific (legalese?) language, which for these who knows normal / simple physics shall be “translate” to the international units (SI). Visit http://www.scstatehouse.gov/sess117_2007-2008/bills/431.htm
FIRST READING: BLRA DEFINITION: Base Load Review Act Section 58-33-210. This article is known, and may be cited, as the 'Base Load Review Act' and is applicable to utilities as defined in Section 58-33-220 of this article. Section 58-33-220. The following terms, when used in this article, shall have the following meanings, unless another meaning is clearly apparent from the context: (1) 'AFUDC' means the allowance for funds used during construction of a plant calculated according to regulatory accounting principles. (2) 'Base load plant' or 'plant' means a new coal or nuclear fueled electrical generating unit or units or facility that is designed to be operated at a capacity factor exceeding seventy percent annually, has a gross initial generation capacity of three hundred fifty megawatts or more, and is intended in whole or in part to serve retail customers of a utility in South Carolina, and for a coal plant, includes Best Available Control Technology, as defined by the United States Environmental Protection Agency, for the control of air emissions. (3) 'Base load review application' or 'application' means an application for a base load review order under the terms of this article.
SECOND READING: Base Load DEFINITION: The base load on a grid is the minimum level of demand on an electrical grid over 24 hours. Base loadpower sources are power stations, which can consistently generate the electrical power needed to satisfy this minimum demand.
Energy (kWh) = Power (kW) * Time (hour) The BLRA was written in the language that must be interpreted as follow: a capacity factor is the electric energy measured; _ loco residence meter in kWh (kilowatt-hour), _ loco generating stations in TWh = 1 000 GWh _ loco large electricity users in GWh = 1 000 MWh _ loco substations in MWh = 1 000 kWh And
a gross initial generation capacity of three hundred fifty megawatts or more is an electric power measured by Watt meters where = megawatt is noted in the international system of units (SI) as MW = 1000 kW and kW = 1 000 W For very large generator is used GW = 1 000 MW
AN EXAMPLE from JENKINSVILLE VC SUMMER NUCLEAR STATION UNIT 1
Visiting https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Virgil_C._Summer_Nuclear_Generating_Station We can find: P = 966 MWe generate d from thermal 2,900 MWt In 2001, the VC Summer unit 1 operated at 79.9 percent of capacity, producing 6.76 billion kilowatt-hours (TWh) of electricity. In 2007 it produced 8.48 billion kilowatt-hours (TWh), increasing its capacity factor to 100.2 percent Being Base Load, i.e. operating 8760 hours the equivalent base power was = As a base load in 2001 P = 772 MW Therefore capacitor factor as a adjustment/follow up after the demand fluctuation was recorded in range about 80 to 100% and could be accepted ad cathedra as 70% in BLRA
CAN NEW REACTORS AP 1000 be a BASE LOAD? Yes with 100% and 93% energy capacity in the years with planned refueling BUT… Always for the planning purpose, in each of the 60-year of expected/designed life of operation they MUST have 365 days or 8760 hours annually full availability of the cooling water.
COOLING WATER AVAILABILITY from the BROAD RIVER at the PARR RESERVOIR. The new Units 2 and 3 AP 1000 reactors are designed to be cooled by the water from the Monticello reservoir (Higher level), which receive water from Parr reservoir (lower-river level) by pumping when the inflow from the Broad River have adequate volume and level in Parr reservoir is as required by the FERC license. In drought seasons the Parr reservoir is required to keep downstream flow adequate to needs other users that will have increased demand in the future therefore present FERC P-1894 licensing is for a new one in 2020 is prepared with higher requirements for downstream. Up to now, April 2007 there is neither values established nor LIP set. This tusk without any studies or license’s amendment was done by neither SCANA nor SCE&*G nor ORS nor Duke therefore BLRA could not be apply as a legal ground for Jenkinsville project. US Nuclear Regulatory Commission had no obligation to review water problem according to BLRA, which is a State of SC law.
CONCLUSION No 100% scientific proof of BLRA exist since 2008 therefore there are no rights to overcharge SCE&G ratepayers on this false claimed application of BLRA. On the opposition there is Engineering Analysis, which shows in 300% certainty that the Jenkinsville location with the Broad River as a cooling water cannot guarantee 365 days annual availability. The analysis is done with flow records in several years including 2000-2008 with only 30-50% availability. Of course, records were available for Applicant, SC Regulatory and Judicial Systems before SCANA/SCE&G had submitted this financing request with FCA of BLRA Note also that BLRA is associated with UTILITY not with any other organizations e.g. SCANA holding corporation and a parent of SCE&G. SCANA criminal cartel was taking all financial advantages but provided such financial management that has led the contractor Westinghouse to bankruptcy.